Burhanuddin Haji Nasir, Nur Khasanah, Idham Idham, Mohammad Yunus, Moh. Hibban Toana, Usman Made,


Maize is an important commodity after rice that gets priority in increasing food security in Indonesia. The emergence of Invasive Spodoptera frugiperda pests in Indonesia is a threat to the sustainability of maize production in Central Sulawesi. The use of synthetic insecticides to control these pests has various negative impacts. To reduce the negative impact, botanical insecticides can be used. The problem in the use of botanical insecticides is that farmers do not know the effective plant extract control S. Fugiperda. The community service program aims to accompany farmers to develop the extract of Calotropic gigantea, Vitex negundo, and Ageratum conyzoides. Implementation method with the participatory action program approach with stages: counseling and training, technology design, extract application demonstration, observation of S. frugiperda attack intensity, and community assistance. The results show that farmers can make and apply plant extracts C. gigantea, V. negundo and A. conyzoides. The three types of plant extracts can suppress the intensity of S. frugiperda attacks. Extract C. gigantea suppresses S. fugiperda attacks (6.71% to 4.04% on 35 HST, and 3.35% to 1.7% on 42 HST), Extract V. negundo (6.71% to 4, 62% and 3.35% to 2.43%) and extract A. conyzoides (6.71% to 4.99% and 3.35% to 2.43%). Thus, the three types of plant extracts have the potential as effective botanical pesticides to control S. frugiperda


Keywords: Plant extracts,, botanical insecticides, pest control, maize


Bosi, C. F., Rosa, D. W., Grougnet, R., Lemonakis, N., Halabalaki, M., Skaltsounis, A. L., & Biavatti, M. W. (2013). Pyrrolizidine alkaloids in medicinal tea of Ageratum conyzoides. Revista Brasileira de Farmacognosia, 23(3), 425–432. https://doi.org/10.1590/S0102-695X2013005000028
Henrival, J., Latifah, & Hayu, R. (2013). Perkembangan Spodoptera litura F. (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) pada kedelai. J. Floratek, 8, 88–100.
Isman, M. B. (2020). Botanical Insecticides in the Twenty-First Century—Fulfilling Their Promise? Annual Review of Entomology, 65(1), 233–249. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-ento-011019-025010
Kamboj, A., & Saluja, A. (2008). Ageratum conyzoides L.: A review on its phytochemical and pharmacological profile. International Journal of Green Pharmacy, 2(2), 59–68. https://doi.org/10.4103/0973-8258.41171
Khasanah, N., Martono, E., Trisyono, Y. A., & Wijonarko, A. (2021). Toxicity and Antifeedant Activity of Calotropis gigantea L. Leaf Extract Against Plutella xylostella L. (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae). International Journal of Design & Nature and Ecodynamics, 16(6), 677–682. https://doi.org/10.18280/ijdne.160609
Nasir, B., & Lasmini, S. A. (2008). Toksisitas Senyawa Bioaktif Tumbuhan “Sidondo” (Vitex negundo L.) pada Spodoptera exigua Hubner dan Plutella xylostella Linnaeus. J. Agroland, 15(4), 288–295.
Prabhu, S., Priyadharshini, P., & Thangamalar, A. (2017). Study on Larvicidal Effect of Different Plant Parts of Milk Weed Plant (Calotropis gigantea R. Br.) against Helicoverpa armigera. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences, 6(10), 655–660. https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.610.080
Seniya, C., Trivedia, S. S., & Verma, S. K. (2011). Antibacterial efficacy and Phytochemical analysis of organic solvent extracts of Calotropis gigantea. Journal of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Research, 3(6), 330–336.
Sumardjo, & Firmansyah, A. (2015). Inovasi Pemberdayaan Masyarakat Berbasis Sumber Daya Pangan di Sekitar Wilayah Operasional PT. Pertamina Asset 3 Subang Field. Agrokreatif Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat, 1(1), 8. https://doi.org/10.29244/agrokreatif.1.1.8-19
Full Text:
Teknologi Tepat Guna